Emergency Medical Services (EMS)


With this program, students acquire the skills to become Emergency Medical Technicians (EMT) and Paramedics who provide out-of-hospital care to the critically ill and injured.   EMT's and Paramedics must be capable of functioning with authority and good judgment in a variety of circumstances under difficult and stressful conditions, and must be caring persons with the desire to help others.

As reported by the US Department of Labor, Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel can expect to lift 50 pounds frequently with no maximum, do climbing, balancing, stooping, kneeling, crouching, crawling, reaching, handling, fingering, feeling, talking, hearing, and seeing on a frequent basis.  All of these activities may need to be performed in any type of environment, weather, or lighting condition - indoors or outdoors.  In addition to the physical demands of the job, applicants may need to deal with challenging emotional, ethical, and or spiritual issues. 

EMS providers will “size-up” the scene to determine that the scene is safe, the mechanism of injury or nature of illness, total number of patients and to request additional help if necessary.  Determines the nature and extent of illness or injury and establishes priority for required emergency care. Based on assessment findings, EMS providers render emergency medical care to adult, infant and child, medical and trauma patients. Duties include but are not limited to, opening and maintaining an airway, ventilating patients, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation, including use of automated external defibrillators. Provide out-of-hospital emergency medical care of simple and multiple system trauma such as controlling hemorrhage, treatment of shock, bandaging wounds, and immobilization of painful, swollen, or deformed extremities.  Patients will be found in all types of environments:  homes, care facilities, traffic accidents, building collapse, fire scenes, etc.

EMS providers report verbally and in writing their observation and emergency medical care of the patient at the emergency scene and in transit to the receiving facility staff for purposes of records and diagnostics.

Educational for the EMS area of study at Sinclair includes:

FIRST RESPONDER (EMR) - Requires 3 credit hours and successful completion of a state test.  This level is geared for the delivery of emergency medical care by non-medical personnel; e.g., police, safety team members, etc.  This is course EMS 1100.

EMERGENCY MEDICAL TECHNICIAN (EMT) - Forms/Program Packets - Requires 7 credit hours and successful completion of a state certifying examination.  This certification is an entry level position for functioning on an ambulance.  These are courses EMS 1150 and EMS 1155.  

PARAMEDIC - Forms/Program Packets - Requires 4 semesters after successful state certification at the EMERGENCY MEDICAL TECHNICIAN  level.  Once completed with the paramedic course work, students are prepared to sit for the state certification examination.